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Soybeans are a type of legume that is grown for its edible beans. They are a major crop in South Africa, and they are grown in the summer rainfall areas, in which Mpumalanga and the Free State being the biggest producer of this crop.

Soybeans are a versatile crop, and they can be used in a variety of products, including tofu, soymilk, soy sauce, and biodiesel. They are also a good source of protein and other nutrients.

The production of soybeans in South Africa has increased significantly in recent years, due to the growing demand for plant-based proteins. The country is now one of the top producers of soybeans in Africa.

Here are some specific considerations for growing soybeans in South Africa:

  • Climate. Soybeans are a warm-season crop, and they are best grown in areas with warm summers. The ideal temperature range for soybean growth is 18-27°C.
  • Soil. Soybeans prefer well-drained, loamy soil. The soil should be pH neutral or slightly acidic.
  • Water. Soybeans are a relatively drought-tolerant crop, but they do need regular watering, especially during the flowering and podding stages.
  • Fertilizer. Soybeans are a heavy feeder, so they need to be fertilized regularly. A balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, should be used.
  • Pests and diseases. Soybeans are susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, such as aphids, whiteflies, and soybean rust. It is important to monitor the crop for pests and diseases and to apply appropriate control measures as needed.

By following these tips, you can successfully grow soybeans in South Africa.

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